Leptospirosis (lepto) is caused by bacteria. There are various strains of lepto and this disease is zoonotic (can be transferred to humans).
The human form of lepto is known as Weil’s disease, it can be fatal for both dogs and people. Leptospirosis is spread by infected dogs, mice, rats and cows. Dogs usually become infected by drinking, swimming, or walking through water that is contaminated with urine from an infected animal.
What is leptospirosis in dogs?
Leptospirosis (often shortened to lepto), is a bacterial disease that causes serious illness by damaging vital organs. Lepto bacteria can spread in urine, and can enter the body through the mouth, nose or wounds. Lepto mainly causes damage to the liver and kidneys and can be life threatening.
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What are the leptospirosis symptoms in dogs?
Symptoms of lepto vary, but can include:
- jaundice (yellow gums and eyes)
- muscle pain
- increase thirst
- bleeding from the mouth and eyes
- difficulty breathing.
How long is a dog contagious with leptospirosis?
After starting treatment, a dog may continue to pass lepto bacteria for up to six weeks. Animals with Leptospirosis must be treated in an isolation unit as it can spread to other pets and the veterinary team.
Please contact us about leptospirosis vaccine for your dog for more information.